[Friday] [K02] [K03] [K04]
K01 - Thursday 08.30-09.30 The Role of IT in Building a Sustainable Society
Speaker: Bernt Ericson, Vice President, Research and Innovations, Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson
We are at a growing rate experiencing changes in the environment. The population is increasing and in the developed part of the world there is an increasing number of elderly people. At the same time the technological possibilities is growing exponentially according to Morse’s law. The number of mobile telephony users and Internet users are soon 1 Billion. This will provide enormous possibilities and the challenge is to push for an evolution that helps to solve the basic needs of the individual human being.
K02 - Friday 08.30-09.50 The Free Software Movement and the GNU/Linux Operating Systems
Speaker: Richard Stallman is the founder of the GNU project, launched in 1984 to develop the free operating system GNU (an acronym for ”GNU's Not Unix”), and thereby give computer users the freedom that most of them have lost. GNU is free software: everyone is free to copy it and redistribute it, as well as to make changes either large or small. Richard Stallman is the principal author of the GNU C Compiler, a portable optimizing compiler which was designed to support diverse architectures and multiple languages. The compiler now supports over 30 different architectures and 7 programming languages.
Stallman also wrote the GNU symbolic debugger (GDB), GNU Emacs, and various other GNU programs.
Stallman received the Grace Hopper Award from the Association for Computing Machinery for 1991 for his development of the first Emacs editor in the 1970s. In 1990 he was awarded a MacArthur Foundation fellowship, and in 1996 an honorary doctorate from the Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden. In 1998 he received the Electronic Frontier Foundation's Pioneer award along with Linus Torvalds; in 1999 he received the Yuri Rubinski memorial award.
Richard Stallman will explain the goals, philosophy, history, methods, status and future plans of the GNU Project, which set out 15 years ago to develop a complete free-software operating system to make possible a cooperating community of computer users.
Today, Linux-based variants of the
GNU system, based on the kernel Linux developed by Linus Torvalds, are in widespread
use. There are estimated to be over 10 million users of GNU/Linux systems today.
K03 - Friday 13.15-14.15 EyeTap: Tapping the Mind's Eye to an Open and Connected Future
Speaker: Steve Mann, inventor of the so-called ”wearable computer” (WearComp) and of the EyeTap video camera and reality mediator (WearCam), is currently a faculty member at University of Toronto, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.
Dr. Mann has been working on his WearComp invention for more than 20 years. He built the world's first covert fully functional WearComp with display and camera concealed in ordinary eyeglasses in 1995, for the creation of his award winning documentary ShootingBack. He received his PhD degree from Massachusetts Institute of Technologyin 1997 in the new field he had initiated. He is also the inventor of the chirplet transform, a new mathematical framework for signal processing. Mann was both the founder and the Publications Chair of the first IEEE International Symposium on Wearable Computing (ISWC97), and chaired the first Special Issue on Wearable Computing in Personal Technologies Journal. He has given numerous Keynote Addresses on the subject.
Just as the wheel is an extension of the leg, and radio is an extension of the voice, so too, is the EyeTap is an extension of the eye, the computer an extension of the brain, and wiring, circuits, and the Internet an extension of the nervous system.
The EyeTap camera causes the eye itself to, in effect, function as the camera, display, and Personal Cybernetics device. An experiment of the 1970s and early 1980s has evolved toward making McLuhan's metaphor a reality, transforming the body into not just a camera, but also a networked cyber entity. See http://eyetap.org http://engwear.org and http://wearcomp.org for more information.
K04 - Friday 14.15-15.00 Internet Distributed Computing for SETI (SETI@home)
Speaker: Dr. David P. Anderson, Director, SETI@home Space Science Laboratory UC, Berkeley
SETI@home is a radio SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) project that takes a novel approach to supercomputing. Instead of placing a dedicated supercomputer at the telescope, SETI@home distributes data over the Internet to computers in the homes and offices of volunteers.
In the first four months of operation of SETI@home, over a million people have participated, and have contributed 70,000 years of computer time.